Treatment & Recovery
Anorexia always requires treatment. Some cases may respond positively to medication. Many cases respond to psychotherapy. Some research suggests that family based, as opposed to individual treatment, works better. As self-esteem can be a causal factor in anorexia, treatment can focus on improving self esteem and removing the association between 'thinness' and self-esteem.
Anorexia & Athletes
Many anorexia sufferers are athletes; especially in sports that place an emphasis on thin body types such as figure skating, or gymnastics. A high percentage of athletes suffer from eating disorders, especially female athletes.
Though anorexia predominantly affects females it can also affect males. Studies have shown about 1 in 6 of those who suffer with a poor body image are male. Even though male anorexia is on the rise it often goes un-diagnosed because of stereotypes. Because of these factors, it is very possible that the statistics regarding male anorexia are being under-reported.
Other Eating Disorders
Anorexia is sometimes confused with other eating disorders, like bulimia. Other eating disorders however are less known. Eating only certain foods, or completely abstaining from certain food groups characterizes Selective Eating Disorder. Some children never grow out of being fussy eaters, or never learn to eat their vegetables. Many eating disorders involve binge-eating, which is eating a lot of food over a short period of time, often as a reaction to excessive or improper dieting. Orthorexia Nervosa is an obsession with health foods and their supposed ability to improve health.
Eating Disorder Help
The following are links to organizations and information about eating disorders.