Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that can be contracted through sexual acts, including vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse. Millions of people have been diagnosed with some form of STD. As of today, there are twenty five known diseases that vary according to symptoms. Most STDs are transmitted when people have sex with partners who carry the diseases. People will know that they have been infected when symptoms appear, and even if they don’t show the symptoms, people who are infected can still transmit STDs. Here are some information regarding the more common STDs.
AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome can be defined as the more advanced stage of the human immunodeficiency virus. It damages the body’s immune system. You can acquire AIDS if you have unprotected sex with a person who is infected with it but there have also been cases where people can contract the disease in other ways such as blood transfusion or even breastfeeding. The signs of AIDS infection include swollen glands and symptoms relating to flu. Severe symptoms may not manifest after a few months or even years after the infection. A blood test can determine if you have HIV or AIDS. Unfortunately, there is no cure for it though there are medicines that can inhibit the HIV viral burden.
Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported STDs. It is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium. Usually, it infects the urethra, eyes, rectum, and cervix. If left untreated, it can lead to infertility, especially for women. The transmission of Chlamydia is done through genital contact or sexual intercourse with someone who is infected. Symptoms include pain while urinating, discharge, the need to urinate frequently, and abdominal pains. It can be effectively treated with antibiotics.
Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrheoae. Symptoms of disease may appear after two weeks, but it’s also possible that there are no signs at all. The common ones include discharges, burning sensation, and irritation. While it can easily be cured by antibiotics, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, abdominal pain, infertility, and meningitis if left untreated.
Hepatitis B can cause chronic illness and permanent liver damage. People can acquire this disease by the exchange of body fluids with people who carry the disease. Symptoms include flu-like sickness, loss of appetite, jaundice, itchy skin, and vomiting. If the symptoms are severe, a prescription of antiviral medication is recommended. Infected persons are also advised to maintain a healthy diet and get adequate sleep. There is no cure for this disease.
There are two kinds of herpes – type 1 and type 2. The more common type 2 affects the genital and anal area, while type 1 affects the mouth and lips through cold sores. Symptoms include itching, blisters, backaches, headache, and flu-like symptoms. While there is no cure for herpes, anti viral tablets can alleviate the symptoms. Herpes can be transmitted through sex and kissing.
Crabs are parasites that feed on blood. Also known as pubic lice, they live in the pubic area. It can be passed on during sex or sharing clothes and towels. Symptoms include itchy skin, inflammation on area, visible lice and eggs, as well as spots of blood where the parasite feeds on the blood vessels. The treatments include medicated shampoo, lotions, and cream.
Syphilis, commonly known as pox, is usually sexually transmitted. This can progress to several stages. The primary and secondary ones are considered to be the most infectious. The symptoms of syphilis are hard to define. It will usually appear after three months. These include small lumps, swollen glands, non itchy rashes, and fever. Syphilis can be treated with penicillin injection and antiviral drug. In the primary and secondary stages, syphilis can be totally cured. In the later stages, the treatment can only prevent further damage, but the infected organs cannot be repaired.
Also known as trich, trichomona is transmitted through sexual intercourse. It usually affects the vagina and urethra. Often, there are no symptoms but if they appear, they include discharge, pain while having sex, and pain when urinating. Metronidazole is a drug that can serve as a treatment for trichomona. This can be taken orally or applied as a gel.
Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are viruses that cause warts. There are more than a hundred kinds of HPV. Usually affecting the genitals, people can acquire HPV through sexual intercourse with infected people. Low risk HPV causes genital warts while high risk HPV can cause cancer. The main symptom for HPV is warts, which can be removed by a doctor. There is also a vaccination that can protect people from HPVs.
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